Home to about 1.3 million people, Prague has been a political, cultural and economic centre in central Europe for more than 1,000 years. After being the capital of the Holy Roman Empire, playing major roles in the Protestant Reformation, the Thirty Years' War, and in 20th-century history, both during the two World Wars and during the post-war Communist era, Prague is home to several famous historical and cultural attractions. As a result, the global city is one of Europe's most popular destinations, receiving more than 4.1 million international visitors annually.
The city grew from a settlement stretching from Prague Castle ((Pražský hrad – the largest castle in the world) in the north to the fort of Vyšehrad (where many famous Czechs are buried including the composers Antonín Dvořák & Bedřich Smetana) in the south, becoming the multicultural capital the Czech Republic. Love castles, visit Prague!
It contains one of the world's most pristine collections of architecture from Art Nouveau, Baroque, Renaissance to Cubist, Gothic, Neo-Classical and ultra- modern. Unique sights include the medeival Astronomical Clock (Pražský orloj installed in 1410, making it the third-oldest astronomical clock in the world and the only one still working) in Old Town (Staré Město), the historic Charles Bridge (Karlův most) that crosses the Vltava river, the vaulted Gothic Old New Synagogue (Staronová Synagoga) of 1270, New Town (Nové město) with its busy and historic Wenceslas Square, the Lennon wall he Lennon Wall filled since the 1980s with John Lennon-inspired graffiti and lyrics from Beatles songs, the New Jewish Cemetery in Olšany with Franz Kafka's grave, a giant functional Metronome that looms over the city, Milunić and Gehry's Dancing House (Fred and Ginger Building) the Nationale-Nederlanden building in downtown Prague designed by Croatian-Czech architect Vlado Milunić in co-operation with Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry on a vacant riverfront plot.
There are hundreds of concert halls, galleries, cinemas and music clubs in the city from the renownne National Theatre (Národní Divadlo) and the Estates Theatre (Stavovské or Tyršovo or Nosticovo divadlo) to the National Museum (Národní muzeum) and the Jewish Museum in Prague. The city holds several world class music and film festivals annually as well, from the the Prague Spring International Music Festival to the Febiofest, and the One World, as well as hundreds of Vernissages and fashion shows.Whatever your interest, this world class city has it.